SAMR – is the acronym for Substitution – Augmentation – Modification – Redefinition as summarized in the graphic above provided by Schrock (n.d.).

Proposed by Dr. Ruben Puentedura, the model suggests ways to use technology in the classroom.

Watch the video below for a quick explanation.


As we get more sophisticated with our technology, we want to ask ourselves, are we just substituting a tech answer for something we could do “old school”? Is there a way to incorporate technology into the classroom such that it augments, modifies, and eventually redefines the teaching.

Are we using tech in more engaging ways? Do we eventually create a lesson that accomplishes something for the learner that would be impossible without the technology used in the lesson? The SAMR model proposes that Modification and Redefinition reach the stage of “Transformation” — a step above merely “Enhancing” a lesson with technology.

Click HERE for audio by iPad Wells – Update Your Teaching Practice

Click HERE for article: Digital literacy dover: The RAT, SAMr, transformative technology, & Occam’s razor


Colosi, R., (2014, June 20). The SAMR model explained by students [Youtube]. Retrieved from

Davis, V. & Well, R. (n.d.). Using the four step SAMR model to update your teaching practice [Audio]. Retrieved from

McHugh, S. (2014, April 9). Digital literacy dover: The RAT, SAMr, transformative technology, & Occam’s razor [Web log post]. Retrieved from

Pixabay. (2016). Free high quality images [Header image]. Retrieved from

Schrock, K., (n.d.). SAMR [Image]. Retrieved from


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